The centrepiece of United States President Barack Obama�s
PR campaign to show the world the US is the nice cop was to end the military
tribunals, which he called �an enormous failure� during last year�s
presidential campaign, and close the infamous Guantanamo prison. This was Obama�s
first major �achievement� upon assuming office.
Rumblings about the impossibility of closing Guantanamo were
being heard even as Obama took office. It appears there�s no place to
send the prisoners, most of whom are innocent of anything other than fighting
invaders, if that. Congress does not want to allow them to come to stay in
equally notorious US jails, where overcrowding, violence, drugs and AIDS are
endemic. Nor is Congress willing to fork over any money to close Guantanamo. Of
course, this is nonsense. Venezuela�s president offered to take them
all, but Obama dare not accept any favours from someone so principled, lest his
house of cards come tumbling down.
As for the tribunals, Obama faces two deadlines: his 120-day
review of the tribunals has now ended, and on 27 May the trial of Ahmed
Al-Darbi, a Saudi accused of plotting to attack a ship in the Strait of Hormuz,
was scheduled to begin, and it appears it now will, but under slightly improved
conditions, including restricting hearsay evidence. The tribunals now must move
quickly in a race against the clock before Guantanamo is scheduled to be closed
next January. If the prison is indeed closed and the trials are still going on
then, the detainees will have to be brought to the US, where they will receive
greater legal rights.
About 20 of the 241 detainees currently at Guantanamo will
now be tried by military tribunals, along with 13 already in the works. The
rest of the detainees must either be released, transferred to other nations or
tried by civilian prosecutors in US federal courts. It�s also possible
that some could continue to be held indefinitely without trial as prisoners of
war, though government officials insist they will now receive full Geneva
The decision to persist with the tribunals was immediately
attacked by critics. �It�s disappointing that Obama is seeking to
revive rather than end this failed experiment,� said Jonathan Hafetz of the
American Civil Liberties Union. �There�s no detainee at
Guantanamo who cannot be tried and shouldn�t be tried in the regular
federal courts system.�
How did this sorry state of affairs come about so soon after
all the fanfare?
Obama stressed to families of victims of the USS Cole attack
when he met them in February, that he would not free �potential
jihadists,� but when Binyam Mohamed, suspected in a plot to set off a �dirty
bomb� inside the US, was repatriated to Britain and released, this was greeted
by a hysterical outcry in the US, ignoring the fact that Mohamed was determined
to be innocent by the world�s oldest upholder of due process.
The pressures on Obama to hold the Bush course are immense,
with former Vice President Dick Cheney brazenly attacking him as a wimp on US
Then there�s Obama�s decision to block the
court-ordered release of more torture photos. He was for the pictures being
released before deciding last week he was against it, apparently convinced by
military officials the photos would increase danger for US troops.
Dawdling, of course, just confirms the view of the rest of
the world, especially among Muslims, that Obama is not the principled liberal
they were led to expect; that he is afraid to make a clean breast of the past
atrocities; that he is merely a politically correct Bush lite. The irony being
that, contrary to Cheney�s ravings, it is his very indecisiveness that
increases the danger for US troops.
The legal intricacies of Guantanamo vs. US incarceration and
jurisdiction are less sensational than the torture photos. But the likelihood
of many Muslims actually seeing the latest shots of US troops in Iraq
sodomising those who resist them is remote. In any case, the photos were
originally intended for possible publication by the torturers themselves. This
startling revelation was made by Seymour Hersh in 2004, when he exposed the
logic behind the officially-condoned US strategy of sexual torture. The idea
was to use blackmail to encourage victims to work for the occupiers as spies,
threatening to publish the photos unless the victims agreed to collaborate with
the occupiers. A government consultant revealed to Hersh, �I was told
that the purpose of the photographs was to create an army of informants, people
you could insert back in the population.�
The strategy, of course, failed spectacularly, and the
photos -- old and new -- are being consumed primarily by jingoistic Americans
revelling in such scenes of violence inflicted on the �enemy,� inured to
the monstrosity of this by their regular diet of media violence and
Islamophobia. Already the �blocked� photos are being leaked all over the
net, making Obama�s last minute efforts a fool�s errand.
How such unconscionable behaviour became official US policy
is fascinating. American pilots were trained during the �first� Gulf War
by watching pornographic films, according to the Washington Post at the
time. In order to better subjugate Arab Iraq, according to Joseph Massad, �American
imperial military culture supermasculinises not only its own male soldiers, but
also its female soldiers who can partake of the feminisation of Iraqi men.� The
pornographic photos are merely the logical outcome of this strategy to subdue
the so-called enemy, constructed by diabolical Pentagon strategists. The 2003
invasion updated this strategy, though with unintended consequences, as new
technology allowed simple soldiers to produce their own DVDs of their sadistic
This stark reality is inverted in Washington, as interpreted
by Obama�s envoy of peace to Afghanistan and Pakistan Richard Holbrooke,
who told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee about US media efforts in
Pakistan, �Concurrent with the insurgency is an information war. We are
losing that war.� Rather than acknowledging past sins, however, he advocates
even more TV and radio propaganda supporting the US wars. Holbrooke is
referring to the $100 million propaganda campaign launched by the Bush regime
in Iraq in 2005 by a Washington-based PR firm to plant administration
propaganda in the Iraqi news media and to pay Iraqi journalists to write
favourable stories about the occupation.
So it appears withholding the Abu Ghraib photos is really
part of the US government media war, just as the question mark over Guantanamo
is really part of the military plans to continue the wars in Iraq and
Afghanistan come hell or high water. And that these policies are not up for
discussion. The reversal of Obama�s key policies after only a few months does
not bode well for him or the US.
Perhaps withholding the photos is also connected with the
appointment of Stanley McChrystal as head of the military in Afghanistan, which
should brace itself for more Abu Ghraib-style action. McChrystal cut his teeth
in Iraq, where he directed the Joint Special Operations Command�s special
operation teams, which carry out assassinations and terrorise local populations
opposed to the occupation. McChrystal was a favourite of Rumsfeld and Cheney.
He was a direct participant in overseeing torture, according to a report by Esquire
and Human Rights Watch in 2006.
Just about everyone but the US officials conducting their war on terrorism realise by now that it
is this very policy that is producing more and more jihadists, and will
continue to produce them until Obama, or some future less timid president,
declares an end to this campaign of terror being conducted by the US itself,
with its allies dragged kicking and screaming behind it.
This is no time for Obama to be indecisive. Guantanamo must
be closed and remaining prisoners must be tried in US courts or repatriated. If
that�s a problem, he can always take up Chavez�s offer. And patch
up relations with him and Castro in the process. Hell, why not give back
Guantanamo to Cuba as a peace offering while he�s at it? The important
thing is not to blink while he�s doing what�s right, or else the
jackals of war will chew him to shreds.
The latest fear among Democrats is that the gulf between
them and the Republicans is widening, even as Democratic policies are gaining
support among the people. Huh? They should take a leaf from FDR�s book,
to fear nothing but fear itself. Let the Republicans march into the wilderness.
Democrats can take control of US politics for the next two decades by following
truly popular, socially just policies. Americans are not imperialists at heart.
They will follow you. And be sure to close Guantanamo .
Eric Walberg writes for Al-Ahram Weekly. You can reach him at geocities.com/walberg2002.