Washington has obviously decided on an ultra-high risk
geopolitical game with Beijing�s by fanning the flames of violence in Tibet
just at this sensitive time in their relations and on the run-up to the Beijing
Olympics. It�s part of an escalating strategy of destabilization of China which
has been initiated by the Bush administration over the past months. It also
includes the attempt to ignite an anti-China Saffron Revolution in the
neighboring Myanmar region, bringing US-led NATO troops into Darfur where
China�s oil companies are developing potentially huge oil reserves. It includes
counter moves across mineral-rich Africa. And it includes strenuous efforts to
turn India into a major new US forward base on the Asian sub-continent to be
deployed against China, though evidence to date suggests the Indian government
is being very cautious not to upset Chinese relations.
The current Tibet operation apparently got the green light
in October last year when George Bush agreed to meet the Dalai Lama for the
first time publicly in Washington. The President of the United States is not
unaware of the high stakes of such an insult to Beijing. Bush deepened the
affront to America�s largest trading partner, China, by agreeing to attend as
the US Congress awarded the Dalai Lama the Congressional Gold Medal.
The immediate expressions of support for the crimson monks
of Tibet from George Bush, Condi Rice, France�s Nicolas Sarkozy and Germany�s
Angela Merkel most recently took on dimensions of the absurd. Ms Merkel
announced she would boycott attending the August Beijing Summer Olympics as her
protest at the Beijing treatment of the Tibetan monks. What her press secretary
omitted is that she had not even planned to go in the first place.
She was followed by an announcement that Poland�s prime
minister, the pro-Washington Donald Tusk, would also stay away, along with
pro-US Czech President Vaclav Klaus. It is unclear whether they also hadn�t
planned to go in the first place but it made for dramatic press headlines.
The recent wave of violent protests and documented attacks
by Tibetan monks against Han Chinese residents began on March 10, when several
hundred monks marched on Lhasa to demand release of other monks allegedly
detained for celebrating the award of the US Congress� Gold Medal last October.
The monks were joined by other monks marching to protest Beijing rule on the
49th anniversary of the Tibetan uprising against Chinese rule.
The geopolitical game
As the Chinese government itself was clear to point out, the
sudden eruption of anti-Chinese violence in Tibet, a new phase in the movement
led by the exiled Dalai Lama, was suspiciously timed to try to put the
spotlight on Beijing�s human rights record on the eve of the coming Olympics.
The Beijing Olympics are an event seen in China as a major acknowledgement of
the arrival of a new prosperous China on the world stage.
The background actors in the Tibet �Crimson revolution�
actions confirm that Washington has been working overtime in recent months to
prepare another of its infamous Color Revolutions, these fanning public
protests designed to inflict maximum embarrassment on Beijing. The actors on
the ground in and outside Tibet are the usual suspects, tied to the US State
Department, including the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), the CIA�s
Freedom House through its chairman, Bette Bao Lord and her role in the
International Committee for Tibet, as well as the Trace Foundation financed by
the wealth of George Soros through his daughter, Andrea Soros Colombel.
Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao has accused the Dalai Lama
of orchestrating the latest unrest to sabotage the Olympic Games �in order to
achieve their unspeakable goal,� Tibetan independence.
Bush telephoned his Chinese counterpart, President Hu
Jintao, to pressure for talks between Beijing and the exiled Dalai Lama. The
White House said that Bush, �raised his concerns about the situation in Tibet
and encouraged the Chinese government to engage in substantive dialogue with
the Dalai Lama�s representatives and to allow access for journalists and
President Hu reportedly told Bush the Dalai Lama must �stop
his sabotage� of the Olympics before Beijing takes a decision on talks with the
exiled Tibetan spiritual leader, foreign ministry spokesman Qin Gang said.
Dalai Lama�s odd friends
In the West, the image of the Dalai Lama has been so much
promoted that in many circles he is deemed almost a god. While the spiritual
life of the Dalai Lama is not our focus, it is relevant to note briefly the
circles he has chosen to travel in most of his life.
The Dalai Lama travels in what can only be called rather
conservative political circles. What is generally forgotten today is that
during the 1930s the Nazis, including Gestapo chief Heinrich Himmler and other
top Nazi Party leaders, regarded Tibet as the holy site of the survivors of the
lost Atlantis, and the origin of the �Nordic pure race.�
When he was 11 and already designated Dalai Lama, he was
befriended by Heinrich Harrer, a Nazi Party member and officer of Heinrich
Himmler�s feared SS. Far from the innocent image of him in the popular
Hollywood film with Brad Pitt, Harrer was an elite SS member at the time he met
the 11-year-old Dalai Lama and became his tutor in �the world outside Tibet.�
While only the Dalai Lama knows the contents of Harrer�s private lessons, the
two remained friends until Harrer died at the ripe age of 93 in 2006. 
That sole friendship, of course, does not define a person�s
character, but it is interesting in the context of later friends. In April
1999, along with Margaret Thatcher, and former Beijing Envoy, CIA director and
President George H.W. Bush, the Dalai Lama demanded the British government
release Augusto Pinochet, the former fascist dictator of Chile and a longtime
CIA client who was visiting England. The Dalai Lama urged that Pinochet not be
forced to go to Spain where he was wanted to stand trial for crimes against
humanity. The Dalai Lama had close ties to Miguel Serrano , head of Chile�s
National Socialist Party, a proponent of something called esoteric Hitlerism.
Leaving aside at this
point the claim of the Dalai Lama to divinity, what is indisputable is that he
has been surrounded and financed in significant part, since his flight into
exile in India in 1959, by various US and Western intelligence services and
their gaggle of NGOs. It is the agenda of the Washington friends of the Dalai
Lama that is relevant here.
The NED at work again . . .
As author Michael Parenti notes in his work, Friendly
Feudalism: The Tibet Myth,
�during the 1950s and 60s, the CIA actively backed the Tibetan cause with arms,
military training, money, air support and all sorts of other help.� The
US-based American Society for a Free Asia, a CIA front, publicized the cause of
Tibetan resistance, with the Dalai Lama�s eldest brother, Thubtan Norbu,
playing an active role in the group. The Dalai Lama�s second-eldest brother,
Gyalo Thondup, established an intelligence operation with the CIA in 1951. It
was later upgraded into a CIA-trained guerrilla unit whose recruits parachuted
back into Tibet, according to Parenti. 
According to declassified US intelligence documents released
in the late 1990s, �for much of the 1960s, the CIA provided the Tibetan exile
movement with $1.7 million a year for operations against China, including an
annual subsidy of $180,000 for the Dalai Lama.� 
With help of the CIA, the Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala,
India, where he lives to the present. He continues to receive millions of
dollars in backing today, not from the CIA but from a more innocuous-sounding
CIA front organization, funded by the US Congress, the National Endowment for
Democracy (NED). The NED has been instrumental in every US-backed Color
Revolution destabilization from Serbia to Georgia to Ukraine to Myanmar. Its
funds go to back opposition media and global public relations campaigns to
popularize their pet opposition candidates.
As in the other recent Color Revolutions, the US government
is fanning the flames of destabilization against China by funding opposition
protest organizations inside and outside Tibet through its arm, the National
Endowment for Democracy (NED).
The NED was founded by the Reagan Administration in the
early 1980s, on the recommendation of Bill Casey, Reagan�s director of the
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), following a series of high-publicity
exposures of CIA assassinations and destabilizations of unfriendly regimes. The
NED was designed to pose as an independent NGO, one step removed from the CIA
and government agencies so as to be less conspicuous, presumably. The first
acting president of the NED, Allen Weinstein, commented to the Washington Post
that, �A lot of what we [the NED] do today was done covertly 25 years ago by
the CIA.� 
American intelligence historian William Blum states, �The
NED played an important role in the Iran-Contra affair of the 1980s, funding
key components of Oliver North's shadowy 'Project Democracy." This network
privatized US foreign policy, waged war, ran arms and drugs, and engaged in
other equally charming activities. In 1987, a White House spokesman stated that
those at NED 'run Project Democracy.'" 
The most prominent pro-Dalai Lama, Tibet independence
organization today is the International Campaign for Tibet, founded in
Washington in 1988. Since at least 1994 the ICT has been receiving funds from
the NED. The ICT awarded their annual Light of Truth award in 2005 to Carl
Gershman, founder of the NED. Other ICT award winners have included the German
Friedrich Naumann Foundation and Czech leader Vaclav Havel. The ICT Board of
Directors is peopled with former US State Department officials, including Gare
Smith and Julia Taft. 
Another especially active anti-Beijing organization is the
US-based Students for a Free Tibet, founded in 1994 in New York City as a
project of US Tibet Committee and the NED-financed International Campaign for
Tibet (ICT). The SFT is most known for unfurling a 450-foot banner atop the
Great Wall in China; calling for a free Tibet, and accusing Beijing of wholly
unsubstantiated claims of genocide against Tibet. Apparently it makes good
drama to rally na�ve students.
The SFT was among five organizations which this past January
proclaimed the start of a "Tibetan people's uprising" on Jan 4 and
co-founded a temporary office in charge of coordination and financing.
Harry Wu is another prominent Dalai Lama supporter against
Beijing. He became notorious for claiming falsely in a 1996 Playboy interview
that he had �videotaped a prisoner whose kidneys were surgically removed while
he was alive, and then the prisoner was taken out and shot. The tape was
broadcast by BBC." The BBC film showed nothing of the sort, but the damage
was done. How many people check old BBC archives? Wu, a retired Berkeley
professor who left China after imprisonment as a dissident, is head of the
Laogai Research Foundation, a tax-exempt organization whose main funding is
from the NED. 
Among related projects, the US government-financed NED also
supports the Tibet Times newspaper, run out of the Dalai Lama�s exile base at
Dharamsala, India. The NED also funds the Tibet Multimedia Center for
�information dissemination that addresses the struggle for human rights and
democracy in Tibet,� also based in Dharamsala. And NED finances the Tibetan
Center for Human Rights and Democracy.
In short, the US State Department and US intelligence
community's fingerprints are all over the upsurge of the Free Tibet movement
and the anti-Han Chinese attacks of March. The question to be asked is why, and
especially why now?
Tibet�s raw minerals treasure
Tibet is of strategic import to China not only for its
geographical location astride the border with India, Washington�s newest
anti-China ally in Asia. Tibet is also a treasure of minerals and also oil.
Tibet contains some of the world's largest uranium and borax deposits, one half
of the world's lithium, the largest copper deposits in Asia, enormous iron
deposits, and over 80,000 gold mines. Tibet's forests are the largest timber
reserve at China's disposal; as of 1980, an estimated $54 billion worth of
trees had been felled and taken by China. Tibet also contains some of the
largest oil reserves in the region. 
On the Tibet Autonomous Region�s border along the Xinjiang
Uygur Autonomous Region is also a vast oil and mineral region in the Qaidam
Basin, known as a "treasure basin." The Basin has 57 different types
of mineral resources with proven reserves including petroleum, natural gas,
coal, crude salt, potassium, magnesium, lead, zinc and gold. These mineral
resources have a potential economic value of 15 trillion yuan or US$1.8
trillion. Proven reserves of potassium, lithium and crude salt in the basin are
the biggest in China.
And situated as it is, on the �roof of the world,� Tibet is
perhaps the world�s most valuable water source. Tibet is the source of seven of
Asia's greatest rivers which provide water for 2 billion people.� He who
controls Tibet�s water has a mighty powerful geopolitical lever over all Asia.
But the prime interest of Tibet for Washington today is its
potential to act as a lever to destabilize and blackmail the Beijing
Washington�s �nonviolence as a form of warfare�
The events in Tibet since March 10 have been played in
Western media with little regard to accuracy or independent cross-checking.
Most of the pictures blown up in European and US newspapers and TV have not
even been of Chinese military oppression of Tibetan lamas or monks. They have
been shown to be, in most cases, either Reuters or AFP pictures of Han Chinese
being beaten by Tibetan monks in paramilitary organizations. In some instances,
German TV stations ran video of beatings that were not even from Tibet but
rather by Nepalese police in Kathmandu. 
The Western media complicity simply further underlies that
the actions around Tibet are part of a well-orchestrated destabilization effort
on the part of Washington. What few people realize is that the National
Endowment for Democracy (NED) was also instrumental, along with Gene Sharp�s
misnamed Albert Einstein Institution through Colonel Robert Helvey, in
encouraging the student protests at Tiananmen Square in June 1989. The Albert
Einstein Institution, as it describes itself, specializes in "nonviolence
as a form of warfare." 
Colonel Helvey was formerly with the Defense Intelligence
Agency stationed in Myanmar. Helvey trained, in Hong Kong, the student leaders
from Beijing in mass demonstration techniques which they were to use in the
Tiananmen Square incident of June 1989. He is now believed acting as an adviser
to the Falun Gong in similar civil disobedience techniques. Helvey nominally
retired from the army in 1991, but had been working with the Albert Einstein
Institution and George Soros� Open Society Foundation long before then. In its
annual report for 2004, Helvey�s Albert Einstein Institution admitted to
advising people in Tibet. 
With the emergence of the Internet and mobile telephone use,
the US Pentagon has refined an entirely new form of regime change and political
destabilization. As one researcher of the phenomenon behind the wave of color
revolutions, Jonathan Mowat, describes it, � . . . What we are seeing is
civilian application of Secretary Donald Rumsfeld's 'Revolution in Military
Affairs' doctrine, which depends on highly mobile small group deployments
'enabled' by 'real time' intelligence and communications. Squads of soldiers
taking over city blocks with the aid of 'intelligence helmet' video screens
that give them an instantaneous overview of their environment, constitute the
military side. Bands of youth converging on targeted intersections in constant
dialogue on cell phones constitute the doctrine's civilian application.
�This parallel should not be surprising since the US
military and National Security Agency subsidized the development of the
Internet, cellular phones, and software platforms. From their inception, these
technologies were studied and experimented with in order to find the optimal
use in a new kind of warfare. The 'revolution' in warfare that such new
instruments permit has been pushed to the extreme by several specialists in
psychological warfare. Although these military utopians have been working in
high places, (for example the RAND Corporation), for a very long time, to a
large extent they only took over some of the most important command structures
of the US military apparatus with the victory of the neoconservatives in the
Pentagon of Donald Rumsfeld." 
Goal to control China
Washington policy has used and refined these techniques of
�revolutionary nonviolence,� and NED operations embodied a series of
�democratic� or soft coup projects as part of a larger strategy which would
seek to cut China off from access to its vital external oil and gas reserves.
The 1970s quote attributed to then-Secretary of State Henry
Kissinger, a proponent of British geopolitics in an American context comes to
mind: �If you control the oil you control entire nations . . ."
The destabilization attempt by Washington using Tibet, no
doubt with quiet �help� from its friends in British and other US-friendly
intelligence services, is part of a clear pattern.
It includes Washington�s �Saffron revolution� attempts to
destabilize Myanmar. It includes the ongoing effort to get NATO troops into
Darfur to block China�s access to strategically vital oil resources there and
elsewhere in Africa. It includes attempts to foment problems in Uzbekistan, Kyrgystan
and to disrupt China�s vital new energy pipeline projects to Kazakhstan. The
earlier Asian Great Silk Road trade routes went through Tashkent in Uzbekistan
and Almaty in Kazakhstan for geographically obvious reasons, in a region
surrounded by major mountain ranges. Geopolitical control of Uzbekistan,
Kyrgystan, Kazakhstan would enable control of any potential pipeline routes
between China and Central Asia just as the encirclement of Russia controls
pipeline and other ties between it and Western Europe, China, India and the
Middle East, where China depends on uninterrupted oil flows from Iran, Saudi
Arabia and other OPEC countries.
Behind the strategy to encircle China
In this context, a revealing New York Council on Foreign
Relations analysis, in their Foreign Affairs magazine, by Zbigniew Brzezinski
in the September/October 1997 issue, is worth quoting. Brzezinski, a prot�g� of
David Rockefeller and a follower of the founder of British geopolitics, Sir
Halford Mackinder, is today the foreign policy adviser to presidential
candidate Barack Obama. In 1997 he revealingly wrote: "Eurasia is home to
most of the world's politically assertive and dynamic states. All the
historical pretenders to global power originated in Eurasia. The world's most
populous aspirants to regional hegemony, China and India, are in Eurasia, as
are all the potential political or economic challengers to American primacy.
After the United States, the next six largest economies and military spenders
are there, as are all but one of the world's overt nuclear powers, and all but
one of the covert ones. Eurasia accounts for 75 percent of the world's
population; 60 percent of its GNP, and 75 percent of its energy resources. Collectively,
Eurasia's potential power overshadows even America's.
"Eurasia is the world's axial super-continent. A power
that dominated Eurasia would exercise decisive influence over two of the
world's three most economically productive regions, Western Europe and East
Asia. A glance at the map also suggests that a country dominant in Eurasia
would almost automatically control the Middle East and Africa. With Eurasia now
serving as the decisive geopolitical chessboard, it no longer suffices to
fashion one policy for Europe and another for Asia. What happens with the distribution
of power on the Eurasian landmass will be of decisive importance to America's
global primacy. . . ."  (emphasis mine-w.e.).
This statement, written well before the US-led bombing of
the former Yugoslavia and the US military occupations in Afghanistan and Iraq,
or its support of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline, puts Washington
pronouncements about �ridding the world of tyranny� and about spreading
democracy, into a somewhat different context from the one usually mentioned by
George W. Bush or others.
It�s about global hegemony, not democracy. It should be no
surprise when powers such as China are not convinced that giving Washington
such overwhelming power is in China�s national interest, any more than Russia
thinks that it would be a step towards peace to let NATO gobble up Ukraine and
Georgia and put US missiles on Russia�s doorstep �to defend against threat of
Iranian nuclear attack on the United States.�
The US-led destabilization in Tibet is part of a strategic
shift of great significance. It comes at a time when the US economy and the US
dollar, still the world�s reserve currency, are in the worst crisis since the
1930s. It is significant that the US administration sends Wall Street banker,
former Goldman Sachs chairman, Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson to Beijing in
the midst of its efforts to embarrass Beijing in Tibet. Washington is literally
playing with fire. China long ago surpassed Japan as the world�s largest holder
of foreign currency reserves, now in the range of $1.5 trillion, most of which
are invested in US Treasury debt instruments. Paulson knows well that Beijing
could to decide it could bring the dollar to its knees by selling only a small
portion of its US debt on the market.
Dalai's tutor Harrer dies at 93, The Times of India, 9 Jan 2006.
2 Goodrick-Clarke, Nicholas, Black Sun: Aryan Cults,
Esoteric Nazism and the Politics of Identity, New York University Press, 2001,
3 Goldner, Colin, M�nchischer Terror auf dem
Dach der Welt Teil 1: Die Begeisterung f�r den Dalai Lama und den
tibetischen Buddhismus, March 26, 2008, excerpted from the book Dalai Lama:
Fall eines Gottk�nigs, Alibri Verlag,, new edition to appear April 2008.
4 Parenti, Michael, Friendly Feudalism: The Tibet
Myth, June 2007.
5 Mann, Jim, CIA funded covert Tibet exile campaign in
1960s, The Age (Australia), Sept. 16, 1998.
6 Ignatius, D., Innocence Abroad: The New World of Spyless
Coups, The Washington Post, 22 September 1991.
7 Blum, William, The NED and
�Project Democracy�, January 2000.
8 Barker, Michael, �Democratic
Imperialism�: Tibet, China and the National Endowment for Democracy, Global
Research, August 13, 2007.
9 McGehee, Ralph, Ralph McGehee�s Archive on JFK Place, CIA Operations in China
Part III, May 2, 1996.
10 US Tibet Committee, Fifteen things you should
know about Tibet and China.
11 Goldner, Colin, M�nchischer Terror auf dem Dach der Welt
Teil 2: Krawalle im Vorfeld der Olympischen Spiele, op cit.
12 Mowat, Jonathan, The new Gladio
in action?, Online Journal, Mar 19, 2005.
15 Brzezinski, Zbigniew, A Geostrategy for Eurasia, Foreign
Affairs, 76:5, September/October 1997.
This article was
originally published by the Center for Research on Globalization
William Engdahl is a Research Associate of the Center for Research on
Globalization and author of the recently-released book, Seeds of Destruction:
The Hidden Agenda of Genetic Manipulation (www.globalresearch.ca). He also
author of �A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics,� Pluto Press
Ltd. He may be contacted at his website, www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net.